Wood and Uses Rarely found in pure stands, it typically occurs in mixture with black spruce. How to Identify an Elm Tree. Occurs throughout central and northern Alberta, usually in muskeg and boggy areas. Wood and Uses Common tree in north-eastern Alberta which has adapted to a variety of soils and climates. Sweet-cherry blossoms … Needle-like, distinctly flattened, rounded at the tip, arranged in two ranks, 2 – 3 cm long, dark green above, whitish beneath. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. You might be thinking, “wait a second, I thought Pevach clears trees, not plants them.” At Pevach, we clear, cut, slash, and trim trees for a wide range of business and residential needs across Alberta and Saskatchewan. If the tree is a conifer, see the conifer identification key. A small slow-growing tree from 9 to 12 m high; crown has a ragged appearance with irregularly spaced branches; leaves mostly confined to the outer branches; bark smooth, thin, greyish on young trees becoming reddish and scaly on older trees; buds often hidden by long white hair. Distribution Primarily used for lumber for building construction. Tree identification sites help users identify tree by entering its characteristics and comparing the results to the thousands of tree species in their database. Cones What you will discover is the bark of trees has a unique pattern—kind of life a fingerprint. It can be used for pulp and lumber. Tree borers are a group of insects that lay their eggs on or inside of trees, where the young larvae eat their way through living tissues. Black Caterpillar Identification -- Some caterpillars are black or dark-colored, and some light-colored species have a variety of darker forms that can make identification tricky. Pollen cones (male) quite small, yellow; seed cones (female) 1 – 2.5 cm . NOTES:Subalpine Fir (A. Common on sand hills and thin soil in central and northeastern Alberta. Insect Identification -- An entertaining and authoritative guide to the insects you're most likely to find in your garden or around your home. Needle-like, stiff, sharp-pointed, in bundles of two, frequently twisted, 2 – 4 cm long, yellowish-green. Common in forestland, abandoned farmland, burned-over areas, and river banks throughout Alberta. Alternate, simple, broadly oval, sharp-pointed, fine-rounded teeth, 4.0 – 7.5 cm long, borne on long, slender stalks, dark green above, pale below; leaf-stems flattened causing fluttering in wind. Spruce … Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. May reach 25 m on sheltered sites, but on windswept slopes, often flattened and shrubby, seldom exceeding 10 m. The trunk is massive and distorted with either smooth or scaly whitish bark; branches usually deformed, bunched in the crown or flat, close to the ground. Seed cones (female) borne in pairs, closed and sealed (serotinous) usually curved and pointing towards the end of the branches, smooth and exceedingly hard, often remaining unopened on the tree for several years, yellowish-grey when mature, 2.5 – 5.0 cm long, scales thickened, without prickles; seeds winged. Balsam poplar is also used in windbreak plantings. Available Tree Species. This species and several varieties are widespread and common along river banks and moist wooded areas through the central and northern part of the province. Wood is heavy, hard and reddish brown in colour. In the mid 1980’s the Alberta Forestry Association adopted the Alberta Trees of Renown as a project. Alternate leaves on stems grow in a staggered pattern and they look like each leaf … Therefore, you will expect no two bark patterns are exactly alike. Wood is used for pulp. Ornamental trees add an interesting focal point to any landscaping. Black spruce is one of the most harvested trees in Canada, however, it is generally not harvested in Alberta. Those of you lucky enough to live in Alberta are at the core of Canada’s logging and wood production, surrounded on all sides by breathtaking trees. On well-drained mineral soils however, it can attain heights of 25 – 30 m. Typically, bark is thin, scaly and greyish with the inner bark, usually olive green. Moderately heavy, hard and strong wood with reddish brown colour. In areas adjacent to jack pine, the two species integrate. Leaves It is suitable for pulp and for making boxes and crates. A timberline species on the slopes of the Rocky Mountains in southeastern Alberta. Wood and Uses Ranging in height from a small scrubby tree up to about 25 m depending upon growing conditions; bark thin, reddish grey on young trees becoming darker grey, rough and scaly on old trunks. Spruce and fir have their needles attached individually to the branches. Occurring on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains where it frequently forms dense even-aged stands as the result of fire. Pollen cones (male) borne in small terminal clusters; seed cones (female) stout, tough, oval-shaped-pointed, woody, resinous permanently closed. Distribution Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Wood is light, soft, resilient, straight-grained and white in colour. Douglas-fir also makes good Christmas trees. Leaves Navigate with above index or scroll bar. With its characteristic “club top”, black spruce is a small, slow growing tree, 9 – 15 m high, with the lower branches often draped with “old-man’s beard” lichen. Distribution Over time, they may girdle trees or weaken branches to the point that they break under pressure. The Dwarf Alberta Spruce is another diminutive member from a family of giants that typically reach heights of 140 feet. It has a thin bark, which is yellowish-brown and somewhat scaly. Aspen is especially good for panel products such as oriented strandboard and waferboard. Wood and Uses Wood is light, soft, low in strength, greyish white to light greyish brown in colour. 6 to 20 m in height, with whitish or silvery grey bark in thin sheets; winter buds chestnut brown, bud scales slightly downy, no distinct terminal bud. long, reddish when young, becoming brown and almost spherical when mature; seeds small and winged. Distribution This is a blog post about fast growing trees suitable for planting in Alberta and Saskatchewan. broadleaf trees shed their leaves in autumn. January 23, 2019. Widespread throughout Alberta, it is especially important in the northern-central part of the province where it is the dominant species in the “Boreal Mixedwood” forest, being eventually succeeded by white spruce. Wood and Uses Therefore, in some provinces, the wood is of great importance to pulp and lumber industry. Pollen cones (male) small in close clusters at the ends of young branches. Wood is moderately hard and heavy, somewhat oily, decay resistant and yellowish brown to reddish brown in colour. Their leaves are flat and needle-like and grow between 15 and 30 mm in length. Distribution It is used for lumber for rough construction, fence posts, poles, railway ties and pulpwood. Widespread throughout south-central and northern Alberta, succeeding Aspen poplar and pine in burned over areas. Helen Keating • 21 Sep 2020. Leaves Preferring wetter areas, these trees can grow up to 25 m high with stout spreading branches; bark is greenish grey at the top becoming more grey and deeply furrowed at the base; winter buds are large and curved with a sticky balsam-smelling gum. Makes excellent railway ties, boxes and crates, core stock in plywood, white. Main species used for furniture, boxes and crates flowers Inconspicuous, small, yellow ; seed cones ( ). 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