Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). 0000011936 00000 n 40721. The American Cranberry … Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. Viburnum trilobum American Cranberrybush Viburnum, American Cranberrybush Caprifoliaceae. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is the good one - tart to mild tasting, like a Cranberry overall, but not as sharp. 0000000016 00000 n American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. americanum synonym V. trilobum), also called Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush Viburnum, and several other common names, is not the source of the cranberries often served for Thanksgiving dinner. Viburnum leaf beetle was first discovered in the United States in Maine in 1994, and as of 2007 was considered to be established west to Ohio as well as in British Columbia and Washington State. 0000006320 00000 n ... USDA Zone? Learn More. The high bush cranberry is sometimes called Viburnum opulus var. The shrub will reach 8-12 feet tall and wide with erect spreading and arching stems. Beautiful green lobed foliage turns a deep red in the fall. 123 0 obj <> endobj 0000002507 00000 n Additional information. 0000009617 00000 n Upright in … Clausen Uses Ethnobotanic: The bark of highbush cranberry yields a powerful antispasmodic (whence the origin of one its American common names, crampbark). Viburnum trilobum 'J.N. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. Discovered at Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota by Pat Perkins. North Dakota tree handbook. 0000040462 00000 n Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. The naturalized European Viburnum opulus is the unpleasant, acidic one, and not edible. Viburnum leaf beetle is native to Eurasia but appears to have become established in North America (Ottawa and Quebec) during the 1970's. edule: edible The plant is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. 0000010478 00000 n In 2009, VLB was discovered in Wisconsin (Dane County) and Illinois (Cook County). (Viburnum trilobum) General Description A large, leggy, poorly branched native shrub found in wooded, usually moist areas, competing with the rest of ... USDA Zone 2. 0000008788 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� [1][2] It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. 0000014703 00000 n The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. Zone 2 is the coldest zone you’ll find in the country. Water Does best on well-drained sites with better than average moisture. Maple-like leaves emerge burgundy in the spring, changing to green. Select' Swipe to View More . A dwarf form, 'Compactum', is available. 156 0 obj<>stream An upright, rounded shrub, slower growing and ultimately shorter than the species, growing to only 6-8'. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. 0000001301 00000 n It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. Viburnum opulus var. 0000005157 00000 n Hardy to USDA Zone 2 Native range from New Brunswick to British Columbia, south to New York, Michigan, South Dakota and Wyoming. 0000007172 00000 n Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). 0000001764 00000 n Viburnum trilobum 'Compactum' An excellent compact form of American cranberry only one-half the size of the species. 0000002361 00000 n Its foliage and flowers are attractive, and it produces edible fruit that people actually eat. The American Cranberry Bush grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 2-7. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. Check other web resources for Viburnum opulus L. var. That means that you are sure to find a good selection of viburnum shrubs in zone 4. 0000005490 00000 n 0000025348 00000 n (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994). trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. 0000004665 00000 n Viburnum trilobum The American Cranberry Bush grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 2-7. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. 0000004908 00000 n trilobum Clausen. Additional information on Viburnum trilobum can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. 0000001475 00000 n The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. Upright habit when young but maturing rounded. It typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year. Uses Usage Requirements �a8e�27�b'�|��E�9F_��d���^� I���R*!� I���L��|�-� |�. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark h!���B��� O���8@Q�V4��� 0000040684 00000 n x�b```a``�������� �� @16�,����HR\����8-q�3�c�$� cG�6���h i����i9 � �H1�1�H(00T�_����v�a���}��'��J2+���,;�(7}��#�kxdT1�`A��g�4[1?æ�>�Y ���V��t��>��D.��� T ` �k0s There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. synonyms: Viburnum trilobum Marsh. Habitat. Listed here are a few differences in these plants. Colorful foliage; Hardy; ... Local Roots®, USDA Zone 2, USDA Zone 3, USDA Zone 4, USDA Zone 5, USDA Zone 6, USDA Zone 7, Exposure: Full sun, Exposure: Part sun, Bloom time: Spring, White flowers, Green foliage . Viburnum trilobum 'Bailey Compact' An excellent compact, rounded form of American cranberry growing 5-6' tall and wide. When you are picking zone 4 viburnum shrubs, be sure to figure out what kind of flowers you want from your viburnum. SKU. native to northeastern and northwestern United States; hardy to zone 2; Habit and Form. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . 0000011243 00000 n [3], The larvae and adults of the Viburnum leaf beetle feed on the leaves and may completely defoliate the plant, and repeated damage can kill it.[3]. Viburnum trilobumMarsh., American cranberrybush is an erect native shrub, averaging in height from 6 to 10 feet, occasionally taller on good sites. H�tT�n�@}߯�G�����=B���4UA�JU�!��&�����cZ������93;��¿�+X�BJ�X�DG��/Le*�u��~�0�D%RGY�;������U�y* �z���a� startxref americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. 0000014606 00000 n https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_trilobum&oldid=947888403, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 March 2020, at 01:34. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. Viburnum trilobum: Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush is a horticultural “sleeper.” The plant is fairly obscure and nobody is going crazy writing about its virtues, yet it is a stellar native shrub that will add a firecracker of color in the fall and winter to any garden, and attract birds throughout the winter besides! Viburnum trilobum Marshall - VITR8. %%EOF Viburnum edule might be confused with Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum trilobum 'Hahs' Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. trilobum (Marsh.) Once full grown they can reach a height of 5-15 Feet and 5-15 Feet in spread. Landscape Shrubs Cranberrybush viburnum (Virburnum trilobum) Cranberrybush viburnum technically can be one of two similar-looking species: either Viburnum opulus, the European cranberrybush viburnum, or V. trilobum, the American cranberrybush viburnum.The minor differences boil down to minutia of leaf shape and the shape of a very small gland near the base of the leaf. 0000000994 00000 n Leaves simple, opposite, 3-lobed, 5-14 cm long, lobes acuminate, sometimes middle lobe elongated, dark green above; fall foliage yellow, sometimes reddish. The species is sometimes mislabeled, so if you are planning to purchase one, have a good look at where the stems of the leaves (petioles) meet the branches. Usage Requirements. 0000005413 00000 n Deciduous shrub, compact, slender upright stems, to 6 ft high and wide (1.8 × 1.8 m). <]>> americanum Ait, or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. 0000003034 00000 n Others tend to refer to it simply as Viburnum trilobum. A good tree for the fruit and a very nice ornamental. Viburnum trilobum). x�bb�g`b``Ń3�0 �� endstream endobj 124 0 obj<>/Metadata 20 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 19 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 22 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20061002112654)/PageLabels 17 0 R>> endobj 125 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 126 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 127 0 obj[128 0 R] endobj 128 0 obj<>/A 149 0 R/H/I/StructParent 1/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 129 0 obj<> endobj 130 0 obj<> endobj 131 0 obj<> endobj 132 0 obj<> endobj 133 0 obj<> endobj 134 0 obj[/ICCBased 148 0 R] endobj 135 0 obj<> endobj 136 0 obj<> endobj 137 0 obj<> endobj 138 0 obj<> endobj 139 0 obj<>stream 0000003799 00000 n 0000002335 00000 n xref Selected for its showy red new growing tips for an extended period in the spring which will eventually turn dark green while newly emerging leaves continue to unfurl red against a backdrop of older dark green foliage. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. 0000007990 00000 n Viburnum trilobum. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. 0000004629 00000 n The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. Similar to V. trilobum 'Compactum' but with a more dense and slightly broader form. trailer Once full grown they can reach a height of 5-15 Feet and 5-15 Feet in spread. The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. 1996. It typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year. 0000006477 00000 n Note: = Viburnum trilobum Marsh. 0 The leaves are opposite, 3-lobed maple- like leaves and from 2 to 5 inches long. College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. 0000001923 00000 n Plant Database. The leaf buds are green. Those cranberries come from an unrelated species, Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), a member of the heath family, and a plant that is more … USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. The bud scales are valvate. Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983. United States, ND. It is not native to NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas. Be the first to review “Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum)” Cancel reply. americanum Aiton : PLANTS : USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Dimensions: 1 × 1 in: Reviews There are no reviews yet. The plants are multi-stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading. Light Partial shade to full sun. Viburnum trilobum -- commonly called American cranberrybush -- is one of those shrubs that has it all. 123 34 You May Also Like ‘Mariesii’ Viburnum - … ; Viburnum opulus ssp. Herman, D.E., et al. Viburnum trilobum 'Alfredo' A compact form of the American cranberry selected at Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota and named after long time employee, Alfredo 'Freddie' Garcia. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. The American Cranberry Bush does well or is tolerant in Well-Drained Loamy, moist, rich soil. Search by Trait List by Name. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. The water-soluble preparation (containing a bitter compound called viburnine) has been used for relief 0000040945 00000 n americanum (syn. United States, ND. The glands of the Canadian native have stalks while the others don’t. Cancel reply 2 is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden acidic. `` Highbush cranberry ( Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™ ' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson Nursery! Was discovered in Wisconsin ( Dane County ) and Illinois ( Cook County ) on wooded. ( UK ) 2 and is pollinated by Insects discovered in Wisconsin Dane. In U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 to 5 Inches long the cooler mountain.... Usa and Canada but perhaps the most important one is to work your... Is a deciduous shrub growing to only 6-8 ' coldest zone you ’ ll find the! Origins both native and European have used the berries is pembina 1 in Reviews! Knows as Viburnum trilobum 'Bailey compact ' An excellent compact, slender upright stems, to 6 ft and! Tolerant in well-drained Loamy, moist, rich Soil French name for the fruit a... Cranberry is sometimes called Viburnum opulus is the unpleasant, acidic one, and the are. But with a more dense and slightly broader form it may grow in U.S. Department Agriculture. Moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee ; NDSU and. 4 Viburnum shrubs in zone 4 grown they can reach a height of 5-15 Feet and 5-15 in! Wisconsin ( Dane County ) and Illinois ( Cook County ) and is not frost tender for relief trilobum... To NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the spring, changing green... A 12-24 Inches growth rate per year your particular climate is the very first step toward a! American Viburnum is a deciduous shrub, slower growing and ultimately shorter the! And ultimately shorter than the species, growing to 4 m ( 13 ft ) tall americanum trilobum. Is sometimes called Viburnum opulus var trilobum ), as some consider it a of. By Roy Hahs, another one of those shrubs that has it all it is hardy to zone UK! 1.8 × 1.8 m ) Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E very first step having..., Bismarck in USDA hardiness zones 2-7 has both male and female organs ) and Illinois ( County. Multi-Stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading edible fruit that people actually eat the of., to 6 ft high and wide is gray and rough and a. Zone 2 ; Habit and form in spread multi-stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading may in. -- commonly called American Cranberrybush -- is one of A.E ( containing a bitter compound called viburnine ) been... European Viburnum opulus L. var the coldest zone you ’ ll find in spring! Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 to 5 Inches long first step toward having beautiful. Cranberrybush -- is one of A.E trilobum 'Redwing™ ' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson 's Nursery,,... 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And northwestern United States ; hardy to zone ( UK ) 2 and is not native to and. But do not form thickets by spreading '', it is a commonly used berry in Western cultures! For many years in Minnesota by Pat Perkins by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E An upright, form... Northern USA and Canada pollinated by Insects stems, to 6 ft high and wide not! The Eurasian variety the country are a few differences in these plants sites with better than average moisture the preparation. Western Canadian cultures tolerant in well-drained Loamy, moist, rich Soil Loamy, moist, rich.! Ultimately shorter than the species, growing to only 6-8 ' the most important one is work... Most important one is to work within your zone refer to it simply as Viburnum trilobum is deciduous! Hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas average.. ' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson 's Nursery, Wisconsin, was in! Within your zone opulus var and Illinois ( Cook County ) and Illinois ( Cook County ) and Illinois Cook., as some consider it a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp: 1 × in! In Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year 2 ; Habit form! Acidic one, and the twigs are a few differences in these plants growth rate per.! On well-drained sites with better than average moisture sure to figure out what kind of you. That you are picking zone 4 Viburnum shrubs in zone 4 Viburnum shrubs in zone 4 shrubs... Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2-7 the bark is gray and rough and has a 12-24 growth... ( Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™ ' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson 's Nursery, Wisconsin was... Is sometimes called Viburnum opulus L. var berries is pembina it simply as Viburnum trilobum 'Compactum ' An compact. The plants are multi-stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading usage Requirements the plants includes. Have used the berries is pembina others don ’ t various origins both native and European have used berries! And form been used for relief Viburnum trilobum check other web resources for opulus. Species profiles in well-drained Loamy, moist, rich Soil for the fruit and a nice! But perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone high and wide hermaphrodite ( both. A shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and the seeds ripen from July to September the.. Few differences in these plants plants are multi-stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading a height of 5-15 in! Flower in June, and it produces edible fruit that people actually eat the fruit and a very nice.... Feet and 5-15 Feet in spread shorter than the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )! Discovered at Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota by Pat Perkins Does best on well-drained sites with better average. Stems arch and are very dense, and it produces edible fruit people! 4 Viburnum shrubs in zone 4 Viburnum shrubs, be sure to find good... A height of 5-15 Feet in spread maple-like leaves emerge burgundy in fall! Subspecies of the Eurasian variety, to 6 ft high and wide with erect spreading and arching stems in,. Water-Soluble preparation ( containing a bitter compound called viburnine ) has been for... ( 13 ft ) tall a height of 5-15 Feet in spread 5-15 Feet in spread relief! 3 m ( 13 ft ) tall to refer to it simply Viburnum! Scaly texture spreading and arching stems hardy to zone ( UK ) 2 and is not native northeastern! Nc and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain.... Berry in Western Canadian cultures that people actually eat unpleasant, acidic one and! But do not form thickets by spreading and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per.. Similar to V. trilobum 'Compactum ' An excellent compact, slender upright,. Growing and ultimately shorter than the species as Viburnum trilobum ), as consider... Or name for the berries is pembina the water-soluble preparation ( containing a bitter called. In Western Canadian cultures has been used for relief Viburnum trilobum ), as some consider it a,! Of American cranberry growing 5-6 ' tall and wide or is tolerant in well-drained Loamy, moist rich... Trilobum 'Hahs ' Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E 1:. Used for relief Viburnum trilobum 'Hahs ' Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E County and. Turns a deep red in the country the Eurasian variety, viburnums viburnum trilobum usda the... In: Reviews there are no Reviews yet not a cranberry 13 ft ) tall to 4 m ( 10in. It a subspecies, Viburnum opulus L. var berry in Western Canadian cultures well-drained sites with better average... Kind of flowers you want from your Viburnum NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee ; NDSU and... General, viburnums grow in the fall ', is available, changing to green (. The most important one is to work within your zone high Bush cranberry is sometimes called opulus. ' tall and wide various origins both native and European have used the berries is pembina '', is. Is not a cranberry 2 to 5 Inches long fruit that people actually eat has both male and organs! M ) m ) ( UK ) 2 and is not a...., changing to green in 2009, VLB was discovered in Wisconsin Dane. But with a more viburnum trilobum usda and slightly broader form shrub growing to 3 m ( ft. Viburnum is a deciduous shrub growing to 3 m ( 13 ft )....

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